Agency Tasked With Aiding Bodies With Disabilities Fails to Fulfill Mandate
Every October 15 is apparent in Iran by White Cane Assurance Day, which according to the Civic Federation of the Blind, is committed to adopting acquaintance about assurance and ability for bodies active with amaurosis and fractional sight.
To mark the break in 2018, the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) interviewed dark bodies in several Iranian cities about the obstacles they face accepting application admitting the access of laws during the accomplished fourteen years guaranteeing bodies with disabilities jobs in assertive application sectors.
According to Article 15 of Iran’s Law for the Protection of the Rights of Bodies With Disabilities, which was approved by the Guardian Council on April 11, 2018, “The government is appropriate to admeasure at atomic three percent of official and acknowledged application opportunities in government agencies, including ministries, organizations, institutions, companies and accessible and apostle organizations, as able-bodied as added entities that acquire allotment from the civic account to able bodies with disabilities.”
Despite an beforehand adaptation of this law actuality ratified by Iran’s Parliament in 2004, the government has still not appear any statistics on how the three percent aphorism is actuality implemented. Compounding this botheration is the abridgement of authentic statistics on dark bodies in general.
The government’s abridgement of a arrangement for accumulation statistics about this accessible articulation of society, such as how abounding bodies alive in Iran with low eyes or blindness, has resulted in admiral authoritative berserk altered claims about important issues faced by this community, including the application rate.
For example, on October 14, 2018, Hossein Nahvinejad, the Accompaniment Welfare Organization’s (SWO) agent in allegation of rehabilitation, said the unemployment amount amid dark bodies in Iran is 40 percent. But in 2017 he had claimed it was 80 percent.
“When there are discrepancies in the statistics about the dark in the country, artlessly there will be differences in the unemployment rate,”
Pouya, an Iran-based apostle for the rights of bodies with disabilities, told CHRI.
“What is assertive is that unemployment is actual accepted amid the dark and it would be absurd to brainstorm that bisected of them begin jobs in the accomplished year,” he added.
The individuals who agreed to altercate their adventures for this address requested anonymity to assure their claimed security.
Humiliation and Accidental Pressure
Blind bodies in Iran face an arrangement of obstacles accepting employment, alpha with the abridgement of account options for the blind, such as brail, back the job in catechism requires a accounting test.
Maryam, a 26-year-old citizen of Ahvaz, Khuzestan Province, has a amount in attitude with a specialization on accouchement with disabilities, yet she was advised like she was a nuisance instead of accustomed a fair adventitious to administer for a job in the Education Ministry:
I mentioned my affliction in the application anatomy but the appraisal analysis questions were not beatific to me in brail due to the carelessness of the officials. On the day of the test, they were actual abrupt to me and asked why I had not a them of my blindness. I told them I had declared I was in their form. It wasn’t my fault.
Then a secretary there came and apprehend the analysis questions for me. She had poor ability of algebraic and abstract and couldn’t apprehend the questions appropriately so I didn’t mark answers for a lot of them. In the end, she told me to assurance my analysis sheets. I consistently backpack a stamp, which I use instead of signing my name by hand. But for some reason, they didn’t acquire my brand and told me to use a pen to assurance my name.
My signature looks like a amphitheater or sometimes like accumbent and vertical lines. But they didn’t acquire that either and said I bare to appropriately assurance all the bedding in the aforementioned able way. I still don’t acquire why I had to do that. These amiss attitudes abase the dark and put accidental burden on them.
Reza, a 23-year-old citizen of Rasht, Gilan Province, has a amount in amusing sciences. He told CHRI that alike the SWO, the capital bureau tasked with accouterment casework to bodies with disabilities, has not implemented measures that would accredit dark bodies to booty application tests.
“You can alike acquisition problems in the application tests conducted by the SWO, admitting it actuality the top government agency in allegation of caring for the disabled,” he said.
“One time I went to the SWO to administer for a job,” added Reza. “They abhorrent me for not accepting addition with me to apprehend the questions on the form. They said it wasn’t their job to apprehend the questions for me.”
“If the SWO doesn’t acquire us, who will?”
According to Article 11 of the Law for the Protection of the Rights of Bodies With Disabilities, 30 percent of blast abettor positions in Iran allegation go to bodies who are blind, active with low eyes or to bodies with concrete and advancement disabilities.
But Reza told CHRI that not alone is this agreement acutely restrictive, it has additionally become about anachronistic due to the actuality that best bodies don’t use buzz operators anymore, opting instead for the affluence of use of their adaptable phones and added agenda devices:
“Everybody thinks that a dark being can alone be a buzz operator. But with the advances in advice networks, there’s no best a allegation for buzz operators. It has aished from the job bazaar for the blind. My accompany and I went to attending for jobs like marketing, packaging and accounting but all the admiral affably threw us out. They said we allegation advantageous people.”
On October 14, the SWO’s agent in allegation of rehabilitation claimed there are “about 50 appropriate training centers for the blind” that advise blast operation and secretarial abilities as able-bodied as handicrafts. But Reza told CHRI the accessories abort to accommodate acceptable training that could be activated to absolute assignment opportunities in Iran.
The SWO is not accouterment any training in advancement admonition or classes in areas such as computer science or the English language. Abounding families do not acquire aerial incomes and cannot acquiesce clandestine classes. The SWO has a assignment to accommodate these classes, abnormally on how to acquisition admonition so that back dark go about for work, they apperceive how to cross after advice from others.
Maryam told CHRI that the SWO has banned to footfall in to accredit dark and added bodies active with disabilities to access employment:
I acquire gone to the SWO appointment several times and asked officials to acquisition us branch jobs. I alike said I would acquire all responsibility. We can do packaging operations actual well. But they said they were not accustomed to baffle in such matters.
My catechism is: If the SWO cannot footfall in, and accompaniment organizations can calmly apathy the law, again why bother accurately acute the three percent allocation of accompaniment jobs for bodies with disabilities?
Since I acquire a amount in psychology, I asked for a job as an adviser in the amusing emergency casework on an alternate basis. But the official in allegation said I was not able of accomplishing it because I’m blind. If the SWO doesn’t acquire us, who will?
Reza told CHRI he had activated at some 30 organizations but that they had all politely, and sometimes disrespectfully, alone him:
At the state-funded Imam Khomeini Relief Foundation, “a admirer fabricated fun of me for allurement for a job. He said ‘are you absolutely allurement for a job?’ I said yes. He said, ‘boy, if I appoint you I would acquire to appoint addition being aloof to booty you to the bath and do your work.’ I told him, ‘didn’t you apprehension I came actuality from home by myself? I came from bench to your appointment on my own.’ Again I angrily left.
Iran Fails to Deliver on Domestic and International Commitments
Article 27 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Bodies with Disabilities (CRPD), which was ratified by Iran in 2008, urges affiliate states to aish application bigotry obstacles and accommodate job training and accessibility in the abode for bodies active with disabilities.
But the bodies interviewed for this address told CHRI they haven’t apparent absolute developments above the words accounting on those acknowledged documents.
“The SWO and bodies with disabilities are apperception their efforts on implementing the three percent allocation of accompaniment jobs but the actuality is that absorption allegation additionally be paid to acceptable the abilities of bodies with disabilities and advance accessibility in their assignment environment,” affliction rights activist Pouya told CHRI.
“For instance, one of my dark accompany had been assassin by a clandestine aggregation but the ill-informed aggregation admiral would not acquiesce him to screen-reader software for the dark on his appointment computer,” he said. “The catechism is, how do they apprehend a dark being to assignment like his colleagues if they don’t accommodate enabling capabilities?”
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