Format and appearance of basic manuscript
Format and appearance of added material
Preparation of figures
Science Commendation Style
Information on arrangement types, including breadth constraints, can be activate on our accustomed advice for authors page. The instructions beneath administer to an antecedent submission. For a arrangement submitted afterwards peer-review and revision, the aforementioned appearance guidelines apply, but we crave hardly adapted book alertness – see instructions specific to a revised manuscript.
For the basic manuscript, Science prefers to acquire a audible complete book that includes all abstracts and tables in Word’s .docx architecture (Word 2007, 2010, or 2008 or 2011 for a Mac) – download a archetype of our Chat arrangement here. The Added Actual should be submitted as a audible abstracted book in .docx or PDF architecture To aid in the alignment of Added Materials, we acclaim application or afterward the Microsoft Chat arrangement supplied here.
LaTeX users should use our LaTeX arrangement and either catechumen files to Microsoft Chat .docx or abide a PDF book [see our LaTeX instructions here].
Use bifold agreement throughout the text, tables, amount legends, and References and Notes. Cyberbanking files should be formatted for U.S. letter paper. Technical agreement should be defined. Syms, abbreviations, and acronyms should be authentic the aboriginal time they are used. All tables and abstracts should be cited in afterwards order. For best after-effects use Times and Sym fonts only.
Manuscripts should be accumulated in the afterward order:
(For accessible authentic assembly, download a archetype of our Chat arrangement here.)
So that we can calmly analyze the genitalia of your paper, alike if you do not use our template, amuse activate anniversary area with the specific key words listed below, some of which are followed by a colon. Several of these headings are optional, for example, not all affidavit will accommodate tables, or added material. Amuse do not use branch break in the title, columnist list, or abstract.
Title:One Book Summary:Authors:Affiliations:Abstract:Main Text:References and NotesAcknowledgements:
List of Added materials:Fig. #: (Begin anniversary amount account with a label, “Fig. 1.” for example, as a new paragraph) (or Scheme #)Table #: (Begin anniversary table account with a characterization “Table 1.”, etc. as a new paragraph)Supplementary Materials:
Titles should be no added than 96 characters (including spaces).
Short titles should be no added than 40 characters (including spaces).
One-sentence summaries capturing the best important point should be submitted for Assay Articles, Letters and Reviews. These should be a best of 125 characters and should accompaniment rather than echo the title
Authors and their affiliated institutions, affiliated by superscript numbers, should be listed beneath the appellation on the aperture folio of the manuscript.
Abstracts of Assay Accessories and Letters should explain to the accustomed clairvoyant why the assay was done, what was activate and why the after-effects are important. They should alpha with some abrupt BACKGROUND information: a book giving a ample accession to the acreage apprehensible to the accustomed reader, and again a book of added abundant accomplishments specific to your study. This should be followed by an account of the OBJECTIVES/METHODS and again the RESULTS. The final book should outline the basic CONCLUSIONS of the study, in agreement that will be apprehensible to all our readers. The Abstruse is audible from the basic anatomy of the text, and appropriately should not be the alone antecedent of accomplishments advice analytical to compassionate the manuscript. Amuse do not accommodate citations or abbreviations in the Abstract. The abstruse should be 125 words or less. For Perspectives and Policy Forums amuse accommodate a one-sentence abstract.
Main Argument is not disconnected into sub-headings for Reports. Subheadings are acclimated alone in Assay Articles, and Reviews. Use anecdotic clauses, not abounding sentences. Two levels of subheadings may be acclimated if warranted; amuse analyze them clearly. The arrangement should alpha with a abrupt accession anecdotic the paper’s significance. The accession should accommodate adequate accomplishments advice to accomplish the commodity apprehensible to readers in added disciplines, and adequate ambience that the acceptation of the alpha allegation is clear. Technical agreement should be defined. Syms, abbreviations, and acronyms should be authentic the aboriginal time they are used. All tables and abstracts should be cited in afterwards order. All abstracts charge be apparent either in the basic argument or in the Added Abstracts or charge be accessible in an accustomed database with accretion capacity provided in the acknowledgements section. References to abstruse abstracts are not accustomed to actualize cogent abstracts of the paper.
References and Addendum are numbered in the acclimation in which they are cited, aboriginal through the text, again through the amount and table legends and assuredly through Added Materials. Abode commendation numbers for references and addendum aural parentheses, italicized: (18, 19) (18-20) (18, 20-22). There should be alone one advertence account accoutrement citations in the cardboard and Added Materials. We will accommodate the abounding advertence account online, but references activate alone in the Added Abstracts will be suppressed in print. Anniversary advertence should acquire a altered number; do not amalgamate references or bury references in notes. Any references to in-press manuscripts at the time of acquiescence should be accustomed a cardinal in the argument and placed, in actual sequence, in the references and notes. We do not acquiesce commendation to claimed communications, and abstruse or “in press” references are not accustomed at the time of publication. We do acquiesce citations to affidavit acquaint at arXiv or bioRxiv. Do not use op. cit., ibid., or et al. (in abode of the complete account of authors’ names). Addendum should be acclimated for advice aimed at the specialist (e.g., procedures) or to accommodate definitions or added advice to the accustomed clairvoyant that are not basic to the abstracts or arguments. Addendum can adduce added references (by number). Account commodity references should be complete, including the abounding account of authors, the abounding titles, and the across-the-board pagination. Titles are displayed in the online HTML version, but not in the book or the PDF versions of papers. See Science Commendation Appearance beneath for capacity of commendation style.
Acknowledgments should be aggregate into a branch afterwards the final numbered reference. This area should alpha by acknowledging non-author contributions, and again should accommodate advice beneath the afterward headings Funding: accommodate complete allotment information; Authors contributions: a complete account of contributions to the cardboard (we animate you to chase the CRediT model), Aggressive interests: aggressive interests of any of the authors charge be listed (all authors charge additionally ample out the Conflict of Interest form). Where authors acquire no aggressive interests, this should additionally be declared. Abstracts and abstracts availability: Any restrictions on abstracts such as MTAs. Accretion numbers to any abstracts apropos to the cardboard and deposited in a accessible database. If all abstracts is in the cardboard and added abstracts accommodate the book “all abstracts is accessible in the arrangement or the added materials.” (All data, code, and abstracts acclimated in the assay charge be accessible to any researcher for purposes of breeding or extending the analysis.)
List of Added Abstracts Afterwards the Acknowledgments account your added items as apparent below.
Supplementary MaterialsMaterials and MethodsTable S1 – S2Fig S1 – S4References (26 – 32)Movie S1
Tables should be included afterwards the references and should supplement, not duplicate, the text. They should be alleged out aural the argument and numbered in the acclimation of their commendation in the text. The aboriginal book of the table fable should be a abrupt anecdotic title. Every vertical cavalcade should acquire a heading, consisting of a appellation with the assemblage of admeasurement in parentheses. Units should not change aural a column. Footnotes should accommodate advice accordant to specific entries or genitalia of the table.
Figure legends should be double-spaced in afterwards order. A abbreviate amount appellation should be accustomed as the aboriginal band of the legend. No audible fable should be best than 200 words. Nomenclature, abbreviations, syms, and units acclimated in a amount should bout those acclimated in the text. Any alone labeled amount genitalia or panels (A, B, etc.) should be accurately declared by allotment name aural the legend.
Figures should be alleged out aural the text. Abstracts should be numbered in the acclimation of their commendation in the text. For antecedent submission, Abstracts should be anchored anon in the .docx or PDF arrangement file. See beneath for abundant instructions on alertness of and adopted formats for your figures. Schemes (e.g., structural actinic formulas) can acquire actual abrupt legends or no fable at all. Schemes should be sequentially numbered in the aforementioned appearance as figures.
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Supplementary Abstracts (SM) are acquaint assuredly at the Science web sites, are affiliated to the manuscript, and are advisedly available. Added Abstracts charge be basic to the accurate candor and arete of the paper, and their use is belted to Letters and Assay Articles. The actual is accountable to the aforementioned beat standards and peer-review procedures as the book publication. To aid in the alignment of Added Materials, we acclaim application or afterward the Microsoft Chat arrangement supplied here.
In accustomed the Added Abstracts may comprise
Materials and Methods: The abstracts and methods area should accommodate adequate advice to acquiesce archetype of the results. It should be cited at accordant credibility in the argument application a commendation cardinal that refers to a agenda in the advertence account that reads “Materials and methods are accessible as added abstracts at the Science website.” Accommodate a area blue-blooded Alpha Architecture at the alpha of abstracts and methods in which the objectives and architecture of the study, as able-bodied as prespecified components, are described. See Alpha Architecture and Statistics Guidelines beneath for details. In addition, accommodate a area blue-blooded Statistical Assay at the end that absolutely describes the statistical methods with abundant detail to accredit a a clairvoyant with admission to the aboriginal abstracts to verify the results. The ethics for N, P, and the specific statistical analysis performed for anniversary agreement should be included in the adapted amount fable or basic text. See Alpha Architecture and Statistics Guidelines beneath for details.
Supplementary Text: Added advice apropos ascendancy or added experiments, acreage sites, observations, hypotheses, etc., that buck anon on the arguments of the book paper. Added altercation or development of arguments aloft those in the basic argument is not adequate in added text. This can be referred to in the basic argument as “supplementary text” with no advertence agenda required.
Figures: Abstracts that cannot be accommodated in the book adaptation but that are basic to the paper’s arguments. Abstracts should accommodated the aforementioned standards as book figures. See beneath These are numbered starting at 1, with the prefix S (eg Fig S1) All abstracts should be alleged out in the basic text, No advertence agenda is required.
Tables: Extensive abstracts tables advantageous in assessing the arguments of the book paper. Authors adulatory to cavalcade presentations of abstracts added circuitous than collapsed argument files or tables that can be adapted to PDF architecture charge to argue with their editor.
Multimedia files: Online video clips should be in QuickTime (preferred) or AVI format; MPEG movies may additionally be acceptable. For Quicktime h264 compression is the adopted format. Authors should opt for the minimum anatomy admeasurement and cardinal of images that are constant with a analytic able on-screen presentation. Animated GIFs are not accepted. Authors should abide online videos or movies with accompanying captions. For audio files WAV, AIFF, or AU formats are accepted.
References alone cited in the supplementary abstracts should be included at the end of the advertence area of the basic text, and the advertence calculation should abide as if the Added Abstracts was a assiduity of the basic text.
Both at antecedent submission, and at the afterlight stage, authors should abide the added sections, abstracts and methods, text, tables and figures, as a audible docx or PDF book that should not beat 25 MB. For affluence of reading, the argument and tables should be audible spaced; abstracts should be alone numbered, and anniversary amount should acquire its fable on the folio on which the amount appears, anon beneath the figure. Added multimedia or ample abstracts files that cannot be included in the Added Abstracts book should be uploaded as Abetting Added Abstracts or Movies. There is a 25 MB accumulated admeasurement absolute on abetting or cine files and a absolute of 10 abetting or cine files. Video clips should be in .mp4 format. Quicktime (.mov) files are adequate provided the h.264 compression ambience is used. Where accessible amuse use HD anatomy admeasurement (1920×1080 pixels). Animated GIFs are not accepted. For audio files, WAV AIFF, AU or .m4a are preferred. MP3 or AAC files are adequate but a bit amount of at atomic 160kb/s charge be used. Authors should abide video and audio with acutely identifiable accompanying captions and acclaim information. If you acquire files basic to the appraisal of your arrangement that beat these limits, amuse acquaintance [email protected] . See Submitting your arrangement for added capacity on how to submit.
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Creating your abstracts It is best to actualize your abstracts as vector-based files such as those produced by Adobe Illustrator. Vector-based files will accord us best adaptability for allocation your abstracts appropriately afterwards accident resolution, as they can be adapted in admeasurement while advancement aerial print-quality resolution. We cannot acquire PowerPoint files or files that are not bright by Adobe Photoshop, Macromedia Freehand, or Adobe Illustrator. To accumulate book sizes reasonable, amuse save art at a resolution of 150 to 300 dots per inch (dpi) for antecedent submission. A college resolution applies for abstracts submitted at the afterlight date – see instructions for advancing a revised manuscript. Agenda blush art should be submitted as CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black) rather than RGB (Red, Green, Blue).
Paper The amplitude of figures, back printed, will usually be 5.5 cm (2.25 inches or 1 column) or 12.0 cm (4.75 inches or 2 columns). Bar graphs, simple band graphs, and gels may be bargain to a abate width. Syms and book should be ample abundant to be bright afterwards abridgement [a bargain admeasurement of about 7 credibility (2 mm) high, and not abate than 5 points]. Avoid advanced aberration in blazon admeasurement aural a audible figure. In laying out advice in a figure, the cold is to aerate the amplitude accustomed to presentation of the data. Avoid ashen white amplitude and clutter.
The figure’s appellation should be at the alpha of the amount legend, not in the amount itself.
Include the figure’s anecdotic cardinal (e.g., “Fig. 1”) on the aforementioned arrangement folio that includes the figure.
Keys to syms, if needed, should be kept as simple as accessible and be positioned so they do not needlessly enlarge the figure. Capacity can be put into the captions.
Use solid syms for acute abstracts if accessible (unless abstracts overlap or there are assorted syms). Admeasurement syms so that they will be apparent back the amount is bargain (6 pt minimum). Band widths should be bright aloft abridgement (minimum of 0.5 pt at the final bargain size).
Panels should be set aing to anniversary other, and accepted arbor labels should not be repeated.
Scales or axes should not extend aloft the ambit of the abstracts plotted.
Use calibration confined in abode of, or in accession to, magnifications. Do not use accessory beat marks in scales or filigree lines. Avoid application y-axis labels on the appropriate that echo those on the left.
Avoid application red and blooming together. Blush dark individuals will not be able apprehend the figure.
Please do not use colors that are aing in hue to analyze adapted genitalia of a figure.
Avoid application grayscale.
Use white blazon and calibration confined over darker areas of images.
Units should be metric and chase SI convention.
Please beam the afterward guidelines for labels on graphs and figures:
Use a sans-serif chantry whenever accessible (we adopt Helvetica).
Simple solid or accessible syms abate well.
Label graphs on the ordinate and abscissa with the constant or capricious actuality measured, the units of admeasurement in parentheses, and the scale. Scales with ample or baby numbers should be presented as admiral of 10.
Avoid the use of ablaze curve and awning shading. Instead, use black-and-white, hatched, and cross-hatched designs for emphasis.
Capitalize the aboriginal letter in a characterization only, not every chat (and able nouns, of course).
Units should be included in parentheses. Use SI notation. If there is room, abode out variables – e.g., Pressure (MPa), Temperature (K).
Variables are consistently set in italics or as apparent Greek belletrist (e.g., P, T, m). The blow of the argument in the amount should be apparent or adventurous text.
Type on top of blush in a blush amount should be in adventurous face. Avoid application blush type.
When abstracts are accumulated from assorted gels or micrographs, a band or amplitude should announce the bound amid two aboriginal images.
Use arch zeros on all decimals – e.g., 0.3, 0.55 – and alone abode cogent digits.
Use basic belletrist for allotment labels in multipart abstracts – A, B, C, etc. These should be 9 pt and adventurous in the final figure. Back possible, abode allotment labels at the aerial left-hand bend of anniversary amount part; if a allotment is an image, set labels central the ambit so as not to decay space.
Avoid subpart labels aural a amount part; instead, advance the accustomed arrangement of allotment labels [e.g., use A, B, C, D, E instead of A, B, C(a), C(b), C©]. If use of subpart labels is unavoidable, use lowercase belletrist (a, b, c). Use numbers (1, 2, 3) alone to represent a time arrangement of images.
When breeding images that accommodate labels with cacographic computer-generated blazon (e.g., units for calibration bars), omit such labels and present the advice in the fable instead.
Sequences may be bargain considerably, so the book in the aboriginal should be clear. There should be about 130 characters and spaces per band for a arrangement application the abounding amplitude of the printed folio and about 84 characters and spaces per band for a arrangement application two columns.
Modification of abstracts Science does not acquiesce assertive cyberbanking enhancements or manipulations of micrographs, gels, or added agenda images. Abstracts accumulated from assorted photographs or images, or non-concurrent portions of the aforementioned image, charge announce the abstracted genitalia with curve amid them. Linear acclimation of contrast, brightness, or blush charge be activated to an absolute angel or bowl equally. Nonlinear adjustments charge be defined in the amount legend. Selective accessory or about-face of one allotment of an angel is not acceptable. In addition, Science may ask authors of affidavit alternate for afterlight to accommodate added affidavit of their primary data.
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For account articles, account brand aboriginal for all authors, afar by a amplitude (e.g., A. B. Opus, B. C. Hobbs). Do not use “and.” Titles of cited accessories should be included (lowercase except for the aboriginal chat and able nouns), followed by a aeon (see examples below). Account titles are in italics; aggregate numbers follow, in dface. (If there is no aggregate number, use the advertisement year in its place.) Do not abode a breach afore the aggregate cardinal or afore any parentheses. You may accommodate the abounding across-the-board pages of the article. If the advertisement is online only, use the commodity cardinal (or commendation number) instead of the page. Account years are in parentheses: (1996). End anniversary advertisement with a period. Do not use “ibid.” or ”op. cit.” (these cannot be affiliated online).
For accomplished books, the appearance for columnist or editor names is as above; for edited books, admit “Ed.,” or “Eds.,” afore the title. Italicize the book appellation and use “title case” (see examples below). Afterwards the title, accommodate (in parentheses) the administrator name, copy cardinal (if any), and year. If the book is allotment of a series, announce this afterwards the appellation (e.g., vol. 23 of Springer Alternation in Molecular Biology).
For capacity in edited books, the appearance is as above, except that “in” appears afore the title, and the names of the editors arise afterwards the title. The affiliate appellation may be provided afore the book title; enclose affiliate titles in quotes and use antecedent caps. Afterwards the advice in parentheses, accommodate the complete folio cardinal ambit (and/or affiliate number) of the cited material.
For monographs, memos, or reports, the appearance for columnist or editor names is as above. The appellation should be in quotes and should acquire antecedent caps. Afterwards the title, accommodate (in parentheses) the abode cardinal (if applicable), administrator name, and year. If these are unavailable, or if the assignment is unpublished, amuse accommodate all advice bare for a clairvoyant to locate the work; this may accommodate a URL or a Web or FTP address. Monographs in alternation (such as AGU Monogr.) may be advised as journals.
For abstruse affairs or symposia, accumulation the appellation of meeting, location, across-the-board dates, and allotment organization. Additionally accommodate the abstruse cardinal (if applicable). There is no charge to accumulation the absolute folio count.
For a thesis, name the academy but not the degree; we do not use “dissertation,” “Ph.D.,” “Master’s,” or added specifics. Name the burghal if the university could be mistaken for another. It is alternative to accommodate the apriorism title.
For assay aboriginal appear in Science Aboriginal Release, online journals, and preprints accessible on the Internet, see the examples below. These are advised appear work.
1. N. Tang, On the calm fractional pressures of nitric acerbic and ammonia in the atmosphere. Atmos. Environ. 14, 819-834 (1980).
2. W. R. Harvey, S. Nedergaard, Sodium-independent alive carriage of potassium in the abandoned midgut of the Cecropia silkworm. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.51, 731-735 (1964).
3. N. H. Sleep, Stagnant lid alteration and carbonate metasomatism of the abysmal continental lithosphere. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 10, Q11010 (2009). [online-only paper; use commodity cardinal instead of page]
4. J. M. Dinning, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 42 (suppl. 1), 12 (1984). [journal with supplement noted]
1. M. Lister, “[Chapter appellation goes here]” in Fundamentals of Operating Systems (Springer, New York, ed. 3, 1984), pp. 7-11.
2. J. B. Carroll, Ed., Language, Thought and Reality, Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1956).
3. R. Davis, J. King, “[Chapter appellation goes here]” in Machine Intelligence, E. Acock, D. Michie, Eds. (Wiley, 1976), vol. 8, chap. 3. [use abbreviate anatomy of administrator name, not “John Wiley & Sons”]
4. J. Sprung, Corals: A Quick Advertence Guide (Oceanographic Series, Ricordea, Miami, FL, 1999). [for books in series, accommodate the alternation title]
5. National Academy of Sciences, Principles and Procedures for Evaluating the Toxicity of Household Substances (National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 1977). [organization as columnist and publisher]
1. G. B. Shaw, “Practical uses of litmus cardboard in Möbius strips” (Tech. Rep. CUCS-29-82, Columbia Univ., 1982).
2. F. Press, “A abode on the computational needs for physics” (National Science Foundation, 1981). [unpublished or admission by title]
3. “Assessment of the carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of chemicals,” WHO Tech. Rep. Ser. No. 556 (1974). [no author]
4. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA), “White Cardboard on Bt plant-pesticide attrition management” (Publication 739-S-98-001, EPA, 1998; www.epa.gov/pesticides/biopesticides/white_bt.pdf). [the easiest admission to this antecedent is via the URL]
1. M. Konishi, cardboard presented at the 14th Annual Affair of the Society for Neuroscience, Anaheim, CA, 10 October 1984.
1. B. Smith, thesis, Georgetown University (1973).
2. R. White, “[Thesis appellation goes here],“ thesis, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL (1983). [Optional: The appellation of the apriorism may be provided in quotes afterwards the columnist name.]
Electronic advertisement afore print
1. W. Jones, B. Smith, [Article appellation goes here]. Science 10.1126/science.1054678 (2005). [published in Science Aboriginal Release; not yet appear in print]
2. J. Moyron-Quiroz et al., Role of inducible bronchus associated lymphoid tissue (iBALT) in respiratory immunity. Nat. Med. 10.1038/nm1091 (2004).
3. Afterwards book advertisement of a Science Aboriginal Release cardboard (or any added cardboard that was initially appear online), use the accepted architecture for citation account articles: W. Jones, B. Smith, [Article appellation goes here]. Science 311, 496–499 (2006).
Other online publication
1. E. M. Pietras, G. Cheng, A new TRADDition in intracellular antiviral signaling. Sci. Signal. 1, pe36 (2008). [Science Signaling]
2. R. K. Aziz, V. Nizet, Pathogen microevolution in aerial resolution. Sci. Transl. Med. 2, 16ps4 (2010). [Science Translational Medicine]
3. A. Clauset, S. Arbesman, D. B. Larremore, Systematic asperity and bureaucracy in adroitness hiring networks. Sci. Adv. 1, e1400005 (2015). [Science Advances]
1. A. Smette et al., http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/astro-ph/0012193 (2001).
2. K. Abe et al., http://arXiv.org/abs/hep-ex/0107061 (2001) [if now published, omit the URL and accommodate alone a accepted reference]
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