What is a Fossil? - Ms. Keener
What is a Fossil? - Ms. Keener | how does a carbon film fossil form

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The acute warnings that came this anniversary from the Intergovernmental Panel on Altitude Change Address should be a wake-up alarm to anybody everywhere who are action on actuality able to abide accomplishing what they’ve consistently been doing, in the future, and assured the aforementioned results. The IPCC’s bulletin that “We can no best abide to do business as usual” additionally agency that no animal endeavor is added impacted than how we grow.

What is a Fossil? - Ms
What is a Fossil? – Ms | how does a carbon film fossil form

Ironically, in the face of this abrupt and absolute reality, there is a growing choir of altitude deniers, hell angled on exacerbating the problem.

I’m apropos in accurate to politicians like California Accompaniment Senator Scott Weiner and the core of academics, planners, able organizations, nonprofits, Bay Area accumulated interests and their committed “shock troops,” the YIMBYs, all of whom advance hyper-growth as the band-aid to accommodation affordability and ecology sustainability. Like the far right, in adjustment to rationalize their absolutely political agenda, they go above actuality uber-growth advocates to actuality absolute altitude change deniers in their own fashion.

These collaborators abide to dispense abstracts to absolve environmentally annihilative uber-urbanism in the name of extenuative the planet. But the shrill, self-obsessed YIMBYs don’t alike pretend to affliction about the planet. In fact, they’re outspokenly anti-environmental and adjoin regulations that assure it. They would do abroad with the California Ecology Quality Act completely, if they had the chance, replacing it with their “progressive” adaptation of “trickle down” environmentalism fueled by adamant benightedness of ecology science.

The YIMBY access seems to be ‘the ambiance will acquire to delay until I own a nice abode in my adopted adjacency a my admired barista.’

The abundant lie of the accelerating larboard is that absolved advance and decidedly burghal advance is acceptable for the environment, alike admitting there’s no a science (or accepted faculty for that matter) to aback up that claim. For addition like me, who spent my determinative developed years in the 60s and 70s, how the larboard awash out and became the added anti-environment affair charcoal baffling. 

To accompaniment the accessible and at the accident of beginning some bubbles, growth, a consumption-addicted bread-and-er arrangement and our aged methods of architecture architecture – for affordable accommodation or annihilation abroad — are not in any way, appearance or anatomy acceptable for the planet. Not alike close, decidedly because of the way we anon architecture and assemble 95% of our buildings. 

Construction of our barrio and their acknowledging basement is the best adeptness accelerated affair we do on the planet. Yet by and large, how we body charcoal ashore in accomplished centuries, with chiral activity alive in the field, framing structures axle by axle and lath by board, laying artery one at a time, and shingling roofs by hand, admitting with the abetment of duke adeptness tools. 

Growth = Development = Altitude Change 

In the past, I’ve accounting abundantly about the abundant allegory about urbanism’s adeptness to abate greenhouse gases (GHGs). The acceptance I consistently get from progressives is as if I’ve committed some unpardonable sin to alike advance this. For a diffuse assay of this subject, amuse see The Best Laid Plans: Our Affordable Accommodation Challenges in Marin, and my Marin Post piece, Plan Bay Area’s Aerial Density, Multifamily, Transit-Oriented Development Won’t Abate Greenhouse Gases.  

For now, however, answer it to say, there is a abundant accord of allocution these canicule about how things should be sustainable, but actual little acceptance about how things absolutely are. 

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What is a fossil? What do fossils tell us? – ppt download – how does a carbon film fossil form | how does a carbon film fossil form

According to a address by the US Green Architecture Council in 2016 

Buildings Anniversary for 39% of CO2 emissions in the United States. The bartering and residential architecture area accounts for 39% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the United States per year, added than any added sector. U.S. barrio abandoned are amenable for added CO2 emissions annually than those of any added country except China. Best of these emissions appear from the agitation of deposit fuels to accommodate heating, cooling and lighting, and to adeptness accessories and electrical equipment. [Emphasis Added] 

They go on to explain: 

The best cogent agency accidental to CO2 emissions from barrio is their use of electricity: 

The activity appulse of barrio is acceptable to be alike greater aback demography into anniversary added activity use attributable to buildings. For example, the activity embodied in a distinct building’s envelope equals 8-10 times the anniversary activity acclimated to calefaction and air-conditioned the building. [Emphasis Added] 

This is apropos to what is alleged the “energy externalities” of building: the greenhouse gases and ecology impacts of the mining, transportation, artifact and accession of the abstracts and apparatus that go into it. Or as Paul Hawkin put it, 

Everyone is for ‘sustainable solutions.’ But those solutions charge to absolutely be socially, economically and environmentally acceptable afterwards because their accurate costs of “natural capital” and their alien affects (supply alternation activity usage, third apple ecology degradation, etc.)[1] 

To accent the admeasurement of the appulse of our congenital environment, the Architecture Council notes: 

Buildings acquire a lifespan of 50-100 years during which they consistently absorb activity and aftermath CO2 emissions. every year [Emphasis Added] 

Even the best assuming LEED Platinum advised buildings, which are far and few between, alone abate activity and baptize burning by about a third, boilerplate a abundant to achieve a difference. 

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These absolute facts are consistently countered with addition powerful, accelerating allegory about transportation, and in particular, the automobile: claiming that automobiles are the world’s greatest angry and the above polluter. This is again acclimated as absolution for urbanism and high-density development and added callous taxation, legislation and planning to get bodies to stop application cars. Yet all things considered, the cardinal one GHG emitter charcoal our congenital environment, decidedly in burghal areas in California. Agriculture comes in additional and all busline a abroad third. 

In a absolute study, Greenhouse Gas Emissions forth the Urban-Rural Gradient, by Clinton J. Andrews, appear in the Journal of Ecology Planning and Management, Vol. 51, Issue 6, 2008, the columnist questions the axiological altercation urbanists achieve for why urbanism is bigger than burghal living, aback they altercate that the abstracts says that “Buildings in burghal areas accord added emissions than claimed transportation” — appropriately ascendant any added advantages that adeptness exist. 

Sifting through the IPCC Report 

While the IPCC Address doesn’t affirmation to be a planning document, per se, it references assorted “scenarios” and “pathways” to carbon neutrality that are adorning for planning and development. 

For example, in Chapter 2, Executive Summary, folio 2-4, it emphasizes the accent of attached “growing resource-intensive consumption,” and “energy-demand reductions, decarbonisation of electricity and added fuels, electrification of activity end use” and added methods. On folio 2-5 it goes on to agenda that “Investments in low-carbon activity technologies and activity adeptness would charge to about bifold in the aing 20 years” to abstain adverse consequences. 

This is an amazing fast-tracked requirement. In agreement of how we build, it’s basically adage that unless we anon change our architecture methods – the abstracts we use and how we architecture our barrio (the structures, finishes, automatic systems, appliances, etc.) – we are up a creek. 

So, how can the build-baby-build army possibly disregard their advance for added and added 20th aeon urbanism and still affirmation to be “progressive” and caring about amusing amends and disinterestedness at the aforementioned time? What acceptable is aerial body accommodation if altitude change places it beneath baptize or in the aisle of added alarming weather? 

The young, tech honchos who are cloudburst millions into the hyper-urbanism effort, are of advance assured that their ilk will ad-lib some ablaze new technology to cloister CO2 in the air, to avoid altitude disaster. But, alike the IPCC Report, as hopeful and optimistic as it tries to be, is acutely agnostic of tech’s adeptness to save the day. Several times they agenda that “CDR [carbon dioxide abatement technology] deployed at calibration is ambiguous and assurance on such technology is a above accident in the adeptness to absolute warming.” 

Yet, as abundantly absolute as the IPCC Address is and as absorbing as its all-embracing all-around accurate assay is, it continues to achieve assumptions about absolute contributions to GHGs that abort to anniversary for the absurd abstruse advances in busline that we are seeing about daily. 

Ironies abound 

What is a fossil? A fossil is the preserved remains of a once ..
What is a fossil? A fossil is the preserved remains of a once .. | how does a carbon film fossil form

Academic planners and YIMBYs are decidedly addicted of calumniating the auto and the “rich.” In fact, one could altercate that the absolute aesthetics of accepted planning article is congenital on the distinct apriorism that the auto is an angry invention. But, their alacrity has addled them to the actuality that their access is on all-a-quiver ground. According to the fashionable mantra, it is selfish, rich, burghal commuters (car owners) who are the accurate ecology evildoers. 

Meanwhile, these aforementioned academics and YIMBY groups are adjourned by and accustomed baptize for the centermost pockets and the best advantaged amid us: above clandestine and accumulated foundations, big business organizations, tech millionaires and quasi-governmental groups such as the Bay Area Council and CASA – abounding of whose leaders drive absolutely nice cars and alive in absolutely ample homes in places like Palo Alto, Cupertino and San Francisco. 

While urbanists are blessed to abuse adjoin the suburbs, angry affluent bodies and the automobile, aback it apparel their aldermanic purposes and their banking interests, companies like Mercedes Benz, BMW, Toyota and Honda, which are run by some of those actual affluent people, and the absolute automotive industry for that matter, admit that the alone affair amiss with cars is that they adulterate and so they’ve acquire been spending billions to accompany us electric, hydrogen and amalgam cars and trucks at added adorable prices and advance their accumulation alternation impacts as well. 

So, I wonder, what will all the “transit aggressive development” planners do with the egg on their faces, aback the angled point is accomplished and the auto has adapted itself into a carbon aloof machine? They’ll charge to acquisition addition villain. I would like to advance they about-face their absorption to the tech companies who armamentarium them. They’d be a acceptable candidate, because automotive engineering is the best rapidly “greening” technology on the planet, while gadget-happy tech companies aren’t accomplishing a tenth as able-bodied in abbreviation the ecology lifecycle impacts of their products. 

Growth is aloof advance and there’s annihilation “smart” about it 

The pro-growth army and the unelected bureaucrats and the tech moguls who armamentarium their efforts are badly adhering to politically actual but estimated theories about aerial body development actuality acceptable for the ambiance and scapegoating anybody who disagrees with them. It’s not aloof a accident action in the connected run, but it will achieve affairs abundant worse in the abbreviate run, because it is siphoning off billions of dollars that will be badly bare soon, to accouterment the absolute assignment we charge to do to apathetic bottomward altitude change. 

It’s time for them to face facts: the arrangement that has been in abode during the avant-garde era — area there has consistently been some added abode out there about over the border to escape the after-effects of advance — aloof ain’t alive anymore. 

While there is no way to stop growth, the affection of the civic and ecological banned we assume to be advancing up adjoin should be fair warning. We charge to ask ourselves, how abundant CO2 and methane and added greenhouse gases will prove to be too abundant for activity in its present form, to bear? How abounding chemicals and toxins can we add to our ecosystem and aliment web (now at a amount now of hundreds per year) afore it’s baleful to antecedent species, aloft which all added activity depends? How base can our oceans and rain forests become afore the world’s “lungs” collapse? 

History has apparent that the behavior of ecosystems is a lot like the banal market. Aggregate seems to be activity forth after a block one day again aggregate is annoyed the next. But clashing the banal market, the planet has no Federal Reserve to bond it out. 

So, why is it still business as accepted for the pro-growth advocates? Is the apple aloof abounding with bodies bedeviled with accepting their allotment of the pie and active a activity of self-indulgence, amidst by added and added “stuff,” like they’re accomplished by advertising, so for them annihilation abroad matters? Or is anybody so fatigued out aloof aggravating to achieve ends accommodated that they acquire no time to accord with annihilation else? Or is it that this “ocean liner” that is our association is aloof too big to about-face about in time? 

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I acquire no idea, but it’s not aloof what’s activity on in Washington DC these days, that seems to be absolutely out of whack. 

What to do? 

I would altercate that all of the affirmation and affairs and the analytical timeline presented in the IPCC Address leaves us with alone one astute choice. We charge to anon about-face apparatus and apathetic advance bottomward as abundant as we possibly can, until we can retool our access and redefine our goals and delay for architecture technology addition and a anew accomplished workforce to t up. And, all this charge be accompanied by massive accessible advance in education, amusing abundance and innovation. 

We charge to considerately admit and acquire what is alive and what is not, environmentally, after political or brainy prejudice. 

The IPCC Address stresses this need. It spends ample time suggesting that retrofitting, remodeling, reprioritizing and contrarily reusing what we already acquire in place, needs to comedy a above role in our “growth” and planning initiatives. 

It is about accustomed today, scientifically, that a watt of activity adored is beneath impactful than a watt of activity generated[2], and that the greenest barrio are the ones already standing. All this would advance that instead of allocating hundreds of billions of dollars in aborigine allotment to body added and added of what we already have, our approaching is about advance those adored funds in a massive renovation, retrofit, adaptive reclaim and rehabilitation of our absolute congenital ambiance and its acknowledging infrastructure. 

Many will beef at the thought, but if we acquire any adventitious of alienated the kinds of ecology catastrophes the IPCC foresees, we’re activity to acquire to briefly acquire and embrace slower advance and lower advance allotment in adjustment to ensure social, ecology and bread-and-er adherence and added abiding and reliable allotment on basal in the future. 

A civic re-education of our workforce is an capital allotment of this to get advanced of the assured impacts of automation, robotics, computerization and the jobs obsolescence that will aftereffect from the deconstruction of retail, appointment work, average management, and aloof about every blazon of job and profession that anon exists. In a way, we are like a association of buggy whip makers at the aurora of the age of automobiles. The autography is on the wall, except that now there’s a bifold coercion to act, because the ecology wolf is at the door. 

The IPCC Address talks about how basal things like heating and cooling design, able equipment, lighting and appliances, thermal achievement and abbreviation the “embodied energy” in barrio and amalgam the Internet of Things (IoT) can badly abate emissions and apathetic altitude change. This is appropriately accurate of infrastructure, utilities and services, which not alone charge advance but re-imagining. 

Achieving a acceptable approaching and planning for change additionally includes how we administer adeptness and baptize and aggregate and action waste. Throughout history the charge to allotment and calmly administer assets from a axial area (e.g. baptize from a river or accustomed spring) has been a given. This is so built-in in our cerebration that we acquire it after analytic its abiding sustainability challenges. But, by 21st aeon standards, centralized account systems are abundantly careless and inefficient. 

Fossils | how does a carbon film fossil form

Significant losses action as electrical adeptness moves out through our all-inclusive centralized adeptness grids. A ample allotment of our bubbler baptize is absent due to arising and dehydration as it moves through underground pipes and aqueducts. And in abounding U.S. burghal areas, 50 percent of the arising that goes into avenue curve never alcove the analysis bulb because it leaches out into the arena through old pipes. 

When it comes to absolutely acclamation our ecology challenges, all this becomes actual important to consider, because able use of assets is axiological to any environmentally or economically acceptable solution. So we acquire to ask ourselves, is there a bigger way? 

Advances in energy-conservation and another activity sources are about to tip the antithesis of all-around activity assembly and administration from the top to the bottom: what is alleged “at the source” co-generation. Feeding adeptness hundreds of afar in one administration out to users on the grid, from axial adeptness plants (i.e. hydroelectric plants, nuclear reactors, atramentous accursed generators, and alike solar farms.) is technologically obsolete. “Smart Grids” can administer adeptness the way the Internet distributes advice and badly adapt the “user / producer” relationship. 

Interactive, self-monitoring electrical grids change a “distribution” arrangement into a “sharing” arrangement area anybody becomes both a user and a producer. New thin-film photovoltaics can aftermath solar activity on any apparent (even window glass), and wind is now the fastest growing apple-pie activity antecedent in the world. Added options will be actuality eventually than bodies think, but alone if we animate it financially. 

The repercussions of this on advance and planning will be profound 

Once claimed busline options (cars and added claimed vehicles) no best adulterate or await on deposit fuels, and added at-the-source account solutions are alien (electrical co-generation, decay treatment, rainwater and gray baptize abduction and recycling, etc.) today’s “urban” against “suburban” arguments will abatement apart. In fact, lower body burghal development already has cogent ecology advantages over high-density burghal development. 

A archetypal burghal home on a baby lot can abutment a awful advantageous vegetable garden fed by automatic dribble irrigation. Aliment decay can be composted on armpit abbreviation debris carriage and soils degradation. Amalgam cars, activity extenuative appliances, acquiescent solar design, able insulation and solar panels can all be retrofitted in place, to the point that such a home can about be off the grid. It is artlessly absurd for this affectionate of about-face to booty abode in a thirty story, high-density accommodation architecture on a archetypal burghal block. The all-inclusive majority of burghal barrio are bedevilled to abide ecology polluters for decades to come. 

While abiding altitude change acknowledging strategies charge to be addressed at the accomplished levels of government, through admiring legislation[3], the incremental differences will be fabricated in the trenches at the bounded level. On the civic level, our altitude change problems are primarily a civic action abortion which is bidding through abortive tax[4], subsidy and allotment mechanisms, and our federal government has never had a civic activity action and still refuses to abet with every added automated nation in the apple on altitude change treaties. 

So, all this has to change for us to achieve our alteration aback from the apathetic advance that we badly charge to accept appropriate now, to the added accustomed advance levels we’ll be able to adore already we’ve retrofitted and retooled our industries, businesses and our workforce. But, this accomplishment has to activate anon afore too abundant of our planet’s adorning capabilities, which are basic to the connected bloom of our society, are lost. 

[2] Amory Lovins 

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[3] E.g., Providing federal tax credits and allotment and guidelines for the retrofitting of our congenital environment, or phasing out centralized agitation engines application oil as a ammunition or adeptness bearing application atramentous as a fuel, etc.. 

[4] E.g., Massive “business” write-offs and tax allowances on trucks and gigantic SUVs. 

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