The absorbed of this cavalcade is to abide the breeze of advice to the accessible apropos the blossom and cachet of Owasco Lake. During the contempo (March 4) March to Basin Day advice appointment facilitated by the Owasco Watershed Basin Association, attendees were arrive to abide questions to the arch presenters. Time limitations prevented answering abounding of the questions. We accommodate here, first, Eileen O’Connor’s answers to the six questions that attendees had airish to her. O’Connor is the Cayuga Canton administrator of ecology health.
Q. High concentrations of cyanotoxins are alarming in bubbler water. What about assiduous low levels? Is adjacency to blooms alarming or charge it be ingested or affected to be a danger? Any increases in nerve, alarmist or bark diseases in the county?
A. The U.S. EPA blossom advisories for microcystin cyanotoxin are primarily based on age and a 10-day acknowledgment period. EPA recommends that preschool-age accouchement and added accessible populations not absorb baptize absolute microcystin toxins aloft 0.3 micrograms per liter for added than 10 days. The EPA recommends that school-age accouchement through adults not absorb baptize absolute microcystin adulteration aloft 1.6 micrograms per liter for added than 10 days. The accompaniment blossom administration recommends that the accessible not alcohol baptize with microcystin aloft those levels alike for one day. The pathways for acknowledgment are ingestion, inhalation, or bark contact. We accept not apparent blossom impacts so far in Cayuga County.
Q. This accomplished summer, there were abounding letters of bark rashes afterwards acknowledgment to basin water. What should be done aback these rashes occur?
A. The rashes accomplished afterwards the Abundant Race aftermost year were not believed to be acquired by acknowledgment to HABs. The adventurous characteristics, as declared by the bodies who contacted the blossom department, were agnate to those associated with swimmer’s itch. A assistant from SUNY-ESF was able to analyze the amenable bacteria from snail samples calm in the area. To abbreviate the accident of swimmer’s itch, toweling off or showering afterwards pond or wading in recreational amnion may be helpful.
Q. This appointment has discussed agronomical runoff. What about administration the candor of homeowner catchbasin systems? Are they actuality inspected and corrected? What is the amends if not done?
A. The Cayuga Canton Blossom Administration requires the alternate analysis of all catchbasin systems. Those on backdrop against Owasco Basin are appropriate to be activated every alike year. We do chase up to be abiding association accede with this requirement. If they do not, we arouse them to a lath of blossom audition and can burden fines up to $1,000. We accept a actual acceptable acquiescence rate. If there are failures found, the blossom administration requires that the homeowner appoint a able artist or registered artist to architecture a new system.
Q. How do we apperceive that the September-October 2016 award of cyanobacteria in the bubbler baptize in Auburn was the aboriginal time it was in the baptize in the filtration plant?
A. The blossom administration has calm samples of raw and advised baptize aback 2014. Toxins had been begin in the raw baptize before, but not the accomplished baptize until 2016.
Q. Should pond in the basin be a blossom affair during months of August and September? We apperceive to abstain accessible blooms, but what you can’t see apropos me.
A. The blossom administration advises the accessible to abstain recreating in baptize that is bedimmed or has amphibian algae due to the abeyant acknowledgment to adverse algal blooms. Aback we aing a accessible bathing bank due to the attendance of bedimmed baptize or amphibian scum, we sample the bathing bank baptize 24 hours afterwards the birthmark and/or algae are gone. Typically, the levels of toxins in the breadth at that time are beneath the akin set by the New York Accompaniment Administration of Health.
John Halfman’s anniversary address on Owasco Basin alleged 2016 “a year of recovery.” While aridity …
Q. What is the administration of health’s albatross to ensure a connected safe accumulation of bubbler baptize for consumers of Owasco Basin water?
A. The blossom administration regulates accessible baptize food and we assignment to ensure that the baptize provided meets all the requirements of Subpart 5-1 of the New York Accompaniment Sanitary Code. If the baptize does not accommodated these requirements and the burning of the baptize could account blossom concerns, we can affair advisories such as “do not drink” or “boil water.” We again crave the accessible baptize accumulation to install whatever analysis is all-important to accompany the baptize aback into compliance.
The beneath questions accept been answered by Drew Snell, administrator of the Cayuga Canton Baptize Quality Analysis Program.
Q. Is there a “hotline” to alarm to address accessible sources of contaminants, blooms, plumes, etc.?
A. Yes, there are four. Alarm Drew Snell at (315) 427-5188, Tim Schneider at (315) 237-2066, the accompaniment DEC’s discharge hotline at (800) 457-7362 or the New York Accompaniment Administration of Blossom at (800) 458-1158.
Q. Are golf courses a antecedent of nutrients? There are two by Sucker Brook and one by Dutch Hollow.
A. Absolutely! There are abundant studies advertence golf courses are a antecedent of absent nutrients, decidedly nitrogen. Grass isn’t consistently the best customer of nutrients, so golf courses tend accept cogent leaching through soils into basal arising tiles. In the Owasco Basin watershed, there is additionally a golf advance in Groton and addition in Locke.
The aing catechism was answered by David Matthews, Ph.D., CEO of the Upstate Freshwater Institute in Syracuse.
Q. It was said that cyanobacteria cannot be apparent and grows bottomward into base of the lake. Does that beggarly toxins are there, too?
A: Cyanobacteria are acclimatized to abound at assorted base in the lake. Some are about begin at the surface; others favor the low-light altitude in added water, and assertive forms drift amid bank and added water. All of these forms are able of bearing toxins. Therefore, the absence of a apparent apparent blossom doesn’t annihilate the achievability of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in added water.
The aing catechism was answered by Seth Jensen, the burghal of Auburn’s administrator of borough operations.
Q. Any aftertaste impacts from powder-activated carbon or an blast system? Any continued appellation blossom problems with either?
A. Powder-activated carbon is acclimated in abounding communities to finer advance aftertaste and odor. It is a accurate arrangement and, to my knowledge, has no impacts on continued appellation health. Blast analysis does not accurately ambition aftertaste and odor, but like PAC, to my knowledge, it has no impacts on continued appellation health.
Q. Is there any way to tie into Onondaga Canton Baptize Authority, which uses Skaneateles and Basin Ontario?
A. OCWA does not use Skaneateles Basin for its baptize supply. Skaneateles Basin is acclimated by the burghal of Syracuse. We are currently attractive into accessible interconnect with Skaneateles, but the basic costs are abundant college than extending the Auburn assimilation added into Owasco Lake. OCWA does serve some arctic Cayuga Canton communities. Studies were completed in the accomplished attractive at extending a baptize accumulation capital to Auburn from the OCWA account to the north. This alternative, abundant like the Skaneateles main, is a actual cher endeavor.
The aing catechism was answered by Rick Nelson of the OWLA lath of directors.
Q. Are any of the laws actuality advised and/or afflicted at the federal akin of accent to our region?
A. Yes, primarily aishment the EPA’s “Waters of the United States” aphorism and the proposed acutely bargain spending for the Abundant Lakes Restoration Initiative. The EPA aphorism defines the “waters” that are beneath authoritative ascendancy of the Clean Baptize Act. Recently, President Trump issued an controlling adjustment acute a analysis and carbon of this rule. The acceptable aftereffect on the Finger Lakes is added adjournment and accessible accident of aegis for the streams and tributaries abounding into the lakes. President Trump’s 2018 account proposes acid the Abundant Lakes Restoration Initiative by 97 percent. Aback Owasco Basin and the added Feel Lakes are allotment of the Abundant Lakes watershed, the proposed allotment cut, if allowable by Congress into the 2018 federal budget, will accept cogent appulse on the funds accessible to assure and restore the Feel Lakes and their watersheds.
The aing catechism was answered by John Halfman, Ph.D., assistant of geolimnology and hydrogeochemistry at Hobart and William Smith Colleges.
Q. Are farms the capital antecedent of phosphorus entering the lake?
A. Farms, bulb and animal, are a above antecedent of nutrients, but added sources additionally are critical, including storm baptize runoff, roadside ditches, streambank erosion, lawns and golf courses, borough wastewater analysis accessories and onsite catchbasin systems. I cannot accord an exact allotment because my abstracts is too bound in ambit to actuate this detail, and anniversary watershed is unique. However, it is bright in my apperception that anybody charge do their allotment to abate comestible loading to the basin and no one should point a feel singling out any one culprit. I’ll additionally point out that borough wastewater analysis accessories are accomplishing a abundant job at abbreviation comestible loads, as are catchbasin systems aback appropriately sized, commonly pumped and accurately functioning.
For added advice about the Owasco Watershed Basin Association, appointment owla.org.
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