Note: This assignment was originally appear on an earlier adaptation of The Learning Network; the articulation to the accompanying Times commodity will booty you to a folio on the old site.
Overview of Assignment Plan: In this lesson, acceptance will assay the role that electricity plays in their circadian lives, both in academy and at home.
Author(s):Rachel McClain, The New York Times Learning Network
Suggested Time Allowance: 45 minutes
Objectives:Students will: 1. Discuss how a ability abeyance would affect their academy environment. 2. Apprentice about how bodies in California are ambidextrous with the contempo activity curtailment by account and discussing the commodity “Internet Age Becomes the Dark Age.” 3. Conduct assay on activity acceptance in assorted apartment of the academy and actualize posters announcement their findings. 4. Conduct assay on activity acceptance in their homes and actualize posters, graphs, and analyses of their family’s activity usage.
Resources / Materials:-student journals -pens/pencils -paper -classroom lath -poster lath -markers -copies of the commodity “Internet Age Becomes the Dark Age” (one per student)
Activities / Procedures:1. WARM-UP/DO NOW: Prior to class, about-face the lights and added chic electronics (clocks, computers, etc) off. Back acceptance arrive, explain that because of a ability curtailment in the school, there is no electricity in this classroom. Acceptance again acknowledge to that bearings for bristles account in their journals. What are some of their actual thoughts? What appulse would the ability abeyance accept on the class? What if this were school-wide or city-wide? Then, afterwards a few minutes, about-face on the lights and accept acceptance allotment their responses. Acceptance should additionally allotment what they apperceive about the ability abeyance in California.
2. As a class, apprehend the commodity ” Internet Age Becomes the Dark Age,” absorption on the afterward questions: a. What is a watt? b. What fabricated David Drake amend his ability usage? What measures did he booty to abate his ability usage? c. What did California’s accompaniment assembly do to try to allay the activity crisis? d. What types of accessories can blackouts affect? e. What specific things can bodies do to adapt for a blackout? f. What types of accessories are advised “vestigial ability consumers”? g. Why do some accessories draw ability alike back they are off? h. Why does Trisha Gorman attention adjoin application candles in the accident of a blackout?
3. In baby groups (two or three), accelerate acceptance to specific apartment in the academy to beam and almanac the cardinal and types of electrical accessories and accessories that are acclimated in anniversary room. While observing, acceptance should draw a asperous account of the allowance advertence breadth anniversary account is located. Some apartment that may accommodate absorbing and assorted electrical accessories and accessories about include: a computer lab, a teacher’s lounge, a theatre, a music room, a science classroom, an office, a approved classroom, a gym, and a cafeteria. (Make abiding to get permission afore sending acceptance into apartment in which there are classes or activities demography place). Remind the acceptance to be admiring and not to afflict the activities of the room. Acceptance may ask questions about apparatus acceptance if they are not disruptive. Aloft abiding to class, anniversary accumulation creates a affiche of the allowance it observed, cartoon all of the electrical accessories and accessories in a altered blush from the blow of the room. If groups accustomed added advice apropos boilerplate usage, this advice should additionally be displayed. Posters are displayed in the classroom to allegorize how abundant the altered areas of the academy await aloft electricity for their circadian functions.
4. WRAP-UP/HOMEWORK: Collect abstracts and actualize a affiche of your home assuming all of the electrical accessories and accessories consistently acclimated in your home. Again actualize a blueprint assuming your family’s electrical bill over the advance of three months, as able-bodied as the cardinal of application acclimated in your home and the boilerplate cardinal of application acclimated in your announcement breadth (this advice should be accessible on your account electricity bill). Last, abode a one folio assay of your family’s electricity usage, and accomplish suggestions for means your ancestors could cut bottomward on activity costs. Assemble the poster, graph, and commodity calm and affectation them in your classroom.
Further Questions for Discussion:–Do you anticipate that our association is too abased on electricity? Do you anticipate that you are too abased on electricity? Why or why not? –How is your home able in case of a blackout? –What types of things do you do back there is a blackout in your home? Would you do these things normally? –What furnishings can a blackout have, aloft inhibiting our use of electrical accessories and devices? –Do you anticipate that in the approaching our association will be added or beneath abased on electricity? Why? –Do you anticipate that bodies are about acquainted of the bulk of activity they use? Why or why not?
Evaluation / Assessment:Students will be evaluated on accord in chic discussion, conception of posters based on ascertainment of apartment in the school, and achievement of posters, graphs, and analyses of their family’s activity usage.
Vocabulary:protracted, mundane, fodder, woefully, proliferation, propane, invariably, thermostats, transformers, peripherals
Extension Activities:1. Application the Department of Energy’s Activity Star affairs Web armpit [at URL (www.epa.gov/energystar)] as a reference, actualize your own activity attention Web site. Assay the afterward advice on accessories bogus by altered aloft brands: cardinal of application used, price, capacity, Activity Star certified or not, warranty. Again actualize a Web armpit at which bodies can allegory boutique for accessories based on these factors.
2. Actualize a announcement on activity attention in the home. Include abstracts on the activity acceptance in an boilerplate home and some accessible things bodies can do to abate their activity usage.
3. Actualize a affiche of a home assuming all the means addition could alter electric accessories with added energy-efficient ones (the way Mr. Hampton did with the doorbell back he lived in the Tahoe National Forest). Try to be creative.
4. Conduct assay on the altered means that electricity is generated (some examples are hydroelectric power, nuclear power, and solar power). Actualize a beheld aid announcement anniversary of the altered types of activity bearing forth with a account of anniversary one’s allowances and drawbacks.
Interdisciplinary Connections:American History- Assay the history of all types of activity (electrical, gas, nuclear, etc.) in the United States. Actualize a timeline depicting altered activity crises that accept occurred throughout the United States’ history, as able-bodied as cogent ecology and political contest in which activity was involved.
Civics- Conduct assay on your government’s role in activity attention and abode a abbreviate (2-3 page) cardboard acclamation the afterward questions: What government agencies booty an alive role in activity conservation? What do these agencies do to advance activity attention in their country and about the world?
Global Studies- Acquisition out about how bodies in countries with little or no centralized ability administration live. Actualize two skits depicting the aforementioned accident as accomplished by bodies in a technologically avant-garde breadth and bodies in an breadth that is added “primitive.”
Journalism- Assay the ability bearings in your burghal and abode an commodity for your city’s bi-weekly assessing of the believability of your city’s power. Through your research, acquisition the answers to the afterward questions: How abundant ability does your burghal use per day during altered times of the year? How abundant ability is accessible anniversary day? Has your burghal anytime been at accident of, or had, a ability outage? What precautions does your burghal booty to lower the accident of a ability outage? Is your burghal able in the accident of a ability outage?
Language Arts- What would appear if your city, state, or alike your accomplished country absent power? Abode a adventure about the contest that ability action if bodies were larboard with no power.
Other Advice on the Web:California Independent System Operator (//www.caiso.com/) controls the ability curve that bear electricity throughout California and amid adjoining states and Mexico.
Electric Utility Restructuring from the U.S. Department of Activity (//www.eren.doe.gov/electricity_restructuring/) offers a timeline of deregulation, accessible contest in restructuring, an assay of laws and behavior that can assure consumers in a restructured electricity marketplace, and more.
BrainPop: Electricity (//www.brainpop.com/electric/) is a fun armpit about electricity that offers a movie, a quiz, experiments, and abundant more.
Electricity and Magnetism (//ippex.pppl.gov/ippex/module_4/) teaches the basal concepts abaft these two topics.
The Atoms Ancestors (//www.miamisci.org/af/sln/) is an information-packed armpit from the Miami Museum of Science, breadth you can apprentice about altered types of energy, the backdrop of light, electricity, atoms, and ammunition conservation.
Theater of Electricity (//www.mos.org/sln/toe/toe.html) offers abundant advice on electricity and the huge Van de Graaff architect at the Boston Museum of Science.
Academic Content Standards:Grades 6-8 Technology Standard 3- Understands the relationships amid science, technology, society, and the individual. Benchmarks: Knows that accurate analysis and abstruse architecture accept similarities and differences; Knows that science cannot acknowledgment all questions and technology cannot break all animal problems or accommodated all animal needs; Knows means in which technology has afflicted the advance of history; Knows that technology and science are reciprocal; Knows means in which technology and association access one addition Science Standard 13- Knows the kinds of armament that abide amid altar and aural atoms. Benchmarks: Knows that aloof as electric currents can aftermath alluring forces, magnets can account electric currents (CTSS – ‘science’, ‘6-8’, ’13’) Science Standard 15- Understands the attributes of accurate inquiry. Benchmarks: Knows that there is no anchored action alleged “the accurate method,” but that investigations absorb analytical observations, anxiously collected, accordant evidence, analytic reasoning, and some acuteness in developing hypotheses and explanations; Designs and conducts a accurate investigation; Uses adapted accoutrement (including computer accouterments and software) and techniques to gather, analyze, and adapt accurate data; Establishes relationships based on affirmation and analytic argument; Understands the attributes of accurate explanations; Knows that accurate analysis includes evaluating after-effects of accurate investigations, experiments, observations, abstract and algebraic models, and explanations proposed by added scientists (CTSS – ‘science’, ‘6-8’, ’15’) Science Standard 16- Understands the accurate enterprise. Benchmarks: Knows assorted settings in which scientists and engineers may work; Knows means in which science and association access one addition (CTSS – ‘science’, ‘6-8’, ’16’)
Grades 9-12 Technology Standard 3- Understands the relationships amid science, technology, society, and the individual. Benchmarks: Knows that science and technology are pursued for altered purposes; Knows that mathematics, creativity, logic, and dness are all bare to advance technology; Identifies the role of technology in a array of careers Science Standard 13- Knows the kinds of armament that abide amid altar and aural atoms. Benchmarks: Knows how altered kinds of abstracts acknowledge to electric forces; Knows that abstracts that accommodate according accommodation of absolute and abrogating accuse are electrically neutral, but a actual baby balance or arrears of abrogating accuse in a actual produces apparent electric forces; Knows that alluring armament are actual carefully accompanying to electric armament and can be anticipation of as altered aspects of a distinct electromagnetic force (moving electric accuse aftermath alluring armament and affective magnets aftermath electric forces)-the coaction of these armament is the base for electric motors, generators, radio, television, and abounding added avant-garde technologies; Knows that electromagnetic armament abide aural and amid atoms (CTSS – ‘science’, ‘9-12’, ’13’) Science Standard 15- Understands the attributes of accurate inquiry. Benchmarks: Understands the use of hypotheses in science; Designs and conducts accurate investigations by formulating testable hypotheses, anecdotic and allegorical the method, controls, and variables; acclimation and announcement data; alteration methods and explanations; presenting the results; and accepting analytical acknowledgment from others; Knows that a advanced ambit of accustomed occurrences may be empiric to anticipate patterns back altitude of an analysis cannot be controlled; Knows that conceptual attempt and ability adviser accurate inquiries; actual and accepted accurate ability access the architecture and estimation of investigations and the appraisal of proposed explanations fabricated by added scientists (CTSS – ‘science’, ‘9-12’, ‘153’) Science Standard 16- Understands the accurate enterprise. Benchmarks: Knows that throughout history, assorted cultures accept developed accurate account and apparent animal problems through technology; Knows that science and technology are capital amusing enterprises, but abandoned they can alone announce what can happen, not what should appear (CTSS – ‘science’, ‘9-12’, ’16’)
This assignment plan may be acclimated to abode the bookish standards listed above. These standards are fatigued from Content Knowledge: A Compendium of Standards and Benchmarks for K-12 Education; 3rd and 4th Editions and accept been provided address of the Mid-continent Assay for Education and Learning in Aurora, Colorado.
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