September 2018 was angry with 2017 as the planet’s fourth-warmest September back almanac befitting began in 1880, said NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) on Wednesday. The alone warmer September months came in 2015, 2016, and 2014, according to NOAA. NASA rated September 2018 as angry for the sixth-warmest September on record. Minor differences in rankings amid NASA and NOAA appear mostly due to how they handle data-sparse regions such as the Arctic, area few apparent acclimate stations exist.
Global ocean temperatures during September 2018 were the fourth warmest on record, and acreage temperatures were the sixth warmest on record, according to NOAA. Satellite-measured temperatures for the everyman 8 km of the atmosphere were the 15th and 12th warmest in the 40-year record, respectively, according to the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH) and RSS.
The year-to-date aeon of January – September now ranks as the fourth warmest on record, and it is added acceptable that the bristles warmest years on almanac globally will be 2014 through 2018. If an El Niño develops after this winter, as predicted, that will accord 2019 a actual acceptable adventitious of giving us six beeline years that are anniversary amid the top six warmest years on record, barring a massive climate-cooling agitable access in the tropics.
Four billion-dollar weather-related disasters hit the Earth aftermost month, according to the September 2018 Catastrophe Report from allowance agent Aon Benfield: Hurricane Florence in the U.S. ($10 billion), aridity in India ($1.1 billion), Typhoon Jebi in Asia ($2 billion), and Typhoon Manghut in Asia ($2 billion). In addition, accident claims from Typhoon Rumbia in China topped the $1 billion mark by the end of September, giving the planet 27 billion-dollar acclimate disasters so far in 2018. This already ranks as the sixth accomplished anniversary absolute back 1990, according to Aon Benfield, with three months to go in the year.
NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center (CPC) kept an El Niño Watch in abode in its October 11 monthly advisory. Over the accomplished week, sea apparent temperatures (SSTs) in the criterion Niño 3.4 arena (in the close Pacific) were 0.7°C aloft average. Temperatures 0.5°C aloft boilerplate are bare to be classified as a anemic El Niño event, with the 3-month boilerplate temperature blockage added than 0.5°C aloft boilerplate for bristles after months.
Odds for an El Niño accident to anatomy were predicted to be 70 – 75% for the advancing winter (December-January-February), the time of year back El Niño contest are about at their strongest. These allowance accept added back the September advisory, back a 65 – 70% adventitious was given. If an El Niño accident does form, it is accepted to be a anemic one.
After starting the year with almanac lows in January and February, Arctic sea ice admeasurement concluded angry with 2008 for the sixth everyman boilerplate September admeasurement in the accessory record, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). The 2018 minimum admeasurement was accomplished on both September 19 and 23. September 23 is amid the latest dates for the melancholia minimum in the 40-year accessory record. While the Northern Sea Avenue forth the arctic bank of Russia opened afresh this year, as it has every year back 2008, the Northwest Passage through the amnion of the Canadian Arctic was not absolutely navigable, due to ice in the axial area of the southern avenue amid Bellot Strait and Gjoa Haven.
In the Antarctic, the anniversary best admeasurement appears to accept been accomplished on October 2. If the bottomward trend continues, it will be the fourth everyman best in the accessory record—higher than the 1986, 2002, and 2017 maxima.
Hottest temperature in the Northern Hemisphere: 50.7°C (123.3°F) at Basra Airport, Iraq, 1 SeptemberColdest temperature in the Northern Hemisphere: -45.3°C (-49.5°F) at Summit, Greenland, 21 and 22 SeptemberHottest temperature in the Southern Hemisphere: 44.4°C (111.9°F) at Skukuza, South Africa, 18 SeptemberColdest temperature in the Southern Hemisphere: -79.1°C (-110.4°F) at Dome A, Antarctica, 6 September(Courtesy of Maximiliano Herrera.)
So far in 2018, bristles nations accept burst an best almanac for hottest temperature in recorded history:
Palau: 95°F (35°C) at Koror on March 22Algeria: 124.3°F (51.3°C) at Ourgla on July 5Taiwan: 104.5°F (40.3°C) at Tianxiang on July 10Japan: 106.0°F (41.1°C) at Kumagaya on July 23South Korea: 105.8°F (41.0°C) at Hongcheon on August 1
No nations accept set an best algid temperature almanac so far in 2018. Most nations do not advance official databases of acute temperature records, so the civic temperature annal appear actuality are in abounding cases not official. I use as my antecedent for all-embracing acclimate annal researcher Maximiliano Herrera, one of the world’s top climatologists, who maintains a absolute account of acute temperature annal for every nation in the apple on his website. If you carbon this account of extremes, amuse adduce Maximiliano Herrera as the primary antecedent of the acclimate records.
January: Marshall IslandsFebruary: Marshall Islands, Falkland Islands, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, PalauMarch: Marshall Islands, Qatar, Armenia, Madagascar, Pakistan, Iraq, UAE, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, UzbekistanApril: Albania, MontenegroMay: Hong Kong, NorwayJune: Oman, Marshall Islands, Cocos IslandsJuly: Iran, Namibia, Indonesia, El Salvador, Jordan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, South KoreaAugust: Japan, FijiSeptember: Qatar, IraqOctober: Japan, Finland, Thailand(Courtesy of Maximiliano Herrera.)
Highest temperature anytime recorded in April in Asia: 50.2°C (122.4°F) at Nawabshah, Pakistan, 30 AprilWorld almanac of the accomplished reliably-measured minimum temperature in 24 hours: 42.6°C (108.7°F) at Qurayyat, Oman, 26 JuneAfrican almanac of accomplished temperature: 51.3°C (124.3°F) at Ouargla, Algeria, 5 JulyAfrican almanac of the accomplished minimum temperature: 39.5°C (103.1°F) at Salah, Algeria, 29 July
Bob Henson contributed to this post.
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