Personalized acquirements technologies can, ironically, accomplish the acquirements acquaintance beneath personal, beneath human. That angle is abiding in my acquaintance teaching in Silicon Valley, application some of the aforementioned agenda apps and accoutrement that are accepted in classrooms today.
Despite my criticisms and acerb experiences, I don’t accept that all apprenticeship technology is bad. Back advised and acclimated appropriately, these accoutrement can, in fact, advice to accomplish acquirements adventures added claimed for students, in a way that humanizes the acquirements experience.
To adviser us in architecture and implementing technology thoughtfully, I’d like to body aloft a framework that is already accepted amid abounding apprenticeship technologists.
Developed by Dr. Ruben Puentedura, the SAMR Archetypal aims to adviser agents in amalgam technology into their classrooms. It consists of four steps: Substitution (S), Augmentation (A), Modification (M), and Redefinition (R).
In the lower accomplish of this model—Substitution and Augmentation—technology affiliation is acutely beneath sophisticated. Chat processing software or accoutrement that accommodate admission to advice digitally, like PDF annotators, about abatement into these categories, as the technology substitutes or augments the acquirements experience, acceptance for some anatomic advance in the assignment after a axiological change in the assignment itself.
The closing two accomplish of the model—Modification and Redefinition—are actually different. Actuality we see technology acclimated in a adult address that either modifies tasks decidedly or redefines them to accomplish article unimaginable. Google Docs is an accomplished archetype of this: by acceptance learners to coact and acquaint with one addition through a web-based chat processing document, time and amplitude are no best factors in a collaborative enterprise, as the technology removes those barriers for students.
The botheration with abounding abandoned acquirements accoutrement is that they alive mostly in branch of Substitution or Augmentation tasks. While there may be some anatomic advance with attention to carrying agreeable and accession appraisal data, there is little to no redefinition of the acquirements experience, which still sees acceptance artlessly arresting and regurgitating materials, admitting through added able agenda means.
Others, however, could altercate that the acquirements acquaintance is, in fact, redefined. By adapted agreeable and acceptance acceptance to “go at their own pace,” the acquirements acquaintance is adapted significantly, acceptance accouchement to t off on their own paces, and in theory, accepting what they charge in any accustomed moment.
But this cast of abandoned acquirements has its limits. In acute cases, over-reliance on technology to individualize apprenticeship can aftereffect in kids actuality placed in advanced of computers, siphoned into silos with few opportunities to body bureau and affiliation with agents and classmates.
It is believable to say acquirements can be decidedly adapted with abandoned acquirements technologies. But it is additionally condonable to altercate that they don’t, accustomed the admeasurement of accoutrement that abandoned automate the broadcasting of agreeable and abstracts for apprentice consumption.
It’s in moments like these that we see the SAMR model, while laying an accomplished foundation, isn’t enough. Back because which technologies to absorb into my teaching, I like to accede four key questions, anniversary of which body aloft able foundation that SAMR provides.
Technology’s superpower rests in authoritative circuitous tasks a abundant accord simpler. This is the ambition abaft a abundant accord of abandoned acquirements technologies, which oftentimes individualize apprenticeship on the students’ behalf, application appraisal abstracts to actuate which activities are appropriate. Accomplishing so minimizes the complication of the role an drillmaster plays, because they are no best authoritative decisions about content, but instead acceptance the technology to booty over that responsibility.
But this adjustment of personalizing acquirements is neither benign for acceptance nor educators. Agents charge be complex in the action of assessing and allotment new agreeable to students. Google’s apartment of apprenticeship tools, for instance, minimizes the complication of accumulation appraisal abstracts after demography the drillmaster out of the action of assessment. Google Forms and Google Drive abandoned action abounding opportunities for accumulation appraisal abstracts and acclimation apprentice work. What’s more, back this is done collaboratively online, kids can comedy a role in the action of accession and absorption on appraisal data, not alone aspersing the complication of appraisal but additionally stering their freedom by authoritative them ally in the action of curating their own portfolios to authenticate what they’ve learned.
The account abaft a abundant accord of abandoned acquirements technologies is that, already complication is minimized for the user, again agents are freed up to use their time for other, added important tasks. Whether it’s conferencing with students, allegory appraisal data, or alike demography some time for self-care, technology is advised to advice us become added able and access our abeyant as agents and learners.
But we mustn’t do this at the amount of affection learning. Accoutrement like Google Drive can advice acceptance body autonomy, but there are added apps that advice accomplish our acceptance added powerful—just not in the way you ability think. I adopt to use Popplet and iCardSort consistently in my classroom—flexible accoutrement that acquiesce my acceptance to authenticate their cerebration through abstraction mapping and allocation words and ideas. In essence, it allows them to personalize on their own behalf.
Too abounding agents alive in the Substitution and Augmentation accomplish of the SAMR model, causing them to become what I like to alarm “app-tastic.” You ability be app-tastic if you attending at your accessories or classroom website and see that it is blowzy with accoutrement for the burning of content. Apps that abandoned advance the burning of information, whether through connected or abundant advance of acquirements activities and instruction, are not accomplishing annihilation ahead unimaginable; they are, instead, alone aggravating to abbreviate the complication of agreeable consumption.
In the avant-garde era, apprenticeship should no best focus on the commonsensical charge of agreeable mastery. Acquirements additionally needs to alteration to accurate contexts. And in adjustment to accomplish this, we can alarm on a added nuanced apprenticeship that incorporates technology in a allusive and communicable manner.
In abounding cases, the internet can be our greatest ability here. Just this accomplished year, my acceptance were belief the burghal of Chicago and accurately the neighborhoods in the city. In adjustment to get them acclimated with the neighborhoods, we acclimated Google Earth to do a walk-through of the neighborhoods, application Project Zero’s See-Think-Wonder accepted to get our accuracy activated. This blazon of agenda acreage cruise was ahead unimaginable, fabricated accessible alone by the technology.
This is the best important question, and the one I accept SAMR overlooks. Back redefining acquirements experiences, we cannot do so at the amount of animal connection. The best able technologies accepted to animal did added than artlessly abbreviate complication or do article new and catchy: they enhance communication, authoritative it easier for individuals to affix with one another. Anticipate of groundbreaking technologies like the columnist press, the telephone, or alike the internet and claimed computer. All of these inventions are apostle because they fabricated the apple a abate place.
Social media is a modern-day advance in animal affiliation and communication. While there are bright after-effects to amusing media culture, there are bright upsides as well. Seesaw, a belvedere for student-driven agenda portfolios, is an accomplished archetype of a apparatus that enhances animal connection. It’s a approved accident for my acceptance to ask to allotment pictures or videos through the tool, because they appetite their parents to see what they’re alive on. They appetite to be accurate for the adamantine assignment they’re putting in.
It is accessible to apostle adjoin abandoned acquirements technologies and still be an apostle for apprenticeship technology, I assure you. It’s analytical to bethink that it’s not the technology itself that personalizes learning: it’s how the apparatus is acclimated in the classroom. My achievement is that, like me, you can use these four questions to actuate which technologies advice to accomplish acquirements personal, and which are not alone a decay of money—but a decay of time and energy.
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