DEAR MAYO CLINIC: My mother, 70, has osteoarthritis and was assigned medication to advice with the pain. What abroad can she do to accumulate it from worsening? Is concrete analysis an option?
Osteoarthritis is a accelerating ache that boring gets worse over time. Although the action of osteoarthritis can’t be reversed, the affection usually can be finer managed. Medication helps. Exercising regularly, blockage at a advantageous weight and blurred accent on joints makes a difference, too. For abounding bodies who accept osteoarthritis, concrete analysis is a advantageous allotment of their analysis plan.
Osteoarthritis happens back the careful cartilage that cushions the ends of basic in joints gradually break down. That leads to collective pain, amore and stiffness. Although osteoarthritis may accident any joint, it’s best accepted in the hands, knees, achievement and spine.
As in your mother’s situation, medications such as acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, frequently are acclimated to ascendancy osteoarthritis. Several contemporary medications are accessible that can abate collective pain, too. They include, amid others, capsaicin chrism and a gel anatomy of the NSAID ibuprofen.
Exercising on a approved base additionally helps affluence osteoarthritis symptoms. This is area concrete analysis may be useful. A concrete therapist can assignment with your mother to actualize an alone exercise affairs to strengthen the anatomy about her joints, accretion her ambit of motion and abbreviation pain.
Low-impact exercises, such as swimming, biking and walking, usually assignment well. Some bodies additionally adore activities such as tai chi and yoga, which amalgamate affable contest and addition with abysmal breathing. A concrete therapist can advice your mother adjudge on the activities that are appropriate for her.
Staying at a advantageous weight additionally is an important allotment of managing osteoarthritis. Carrying added weight increases the accent on weight-bearing joints, such as the knees and hips. Even a baby bulk of weight accident can abate some burden and abatement pain. If she would like to lose weight, your mother can ask her bloom affliction provider for a barometer to a dietitian. He or she can altercate advantageous weight-loss strategies, action suggestions for meal planning and accommodate your mother with alimental recipes to get started.
To accumulate her affection from accepting worse, your mother should try to abstain overusing the joints afflicted by osteoarthritis. A array of advantageous accessories are accessible that can accomplish accustomed tasks beneath demanding on joints. For example, application a pikestaff takes weight off a aching knee or hip. Gripping and avaricious accoutrement accomplish it easier to accessible doors and jars. Animate your mother to ask her bloom affliction provider for advice about these and added advantageous accessories that ability be advantageous for her.
Some forms of another anesthetic accept been appropriate for osteoarthritis treatment, too. Acupuncture — a address that involves inserting acutely attenuate all-overs through the bark at cardinal credibility on the anatomy — may accord to affliction ascendancy for some people. Meditation may additionally affluence osteoarthritis affection in assertive cases.
The comestible supplements glucosamine and chondroitin generally are accustomed as able analysis for osteoarthritis. Results from studies on these comestible supplements accept been alloyed though. A few accept begin allowances for bodies with osteoarthritis, but best accept apparent no bright effects. If your mother is absorbed in aggravating these supplements, animate her to allocution with her bloom affliction provider first. Glucosamine is not safe for bodies who are allergic to shellfish. Also, glucosamine and chondroitin may collaborate with claret thinners, such as warfarin, and account bleeding problems.
Before she goes advanced with any added treatment, it would be a acceptable abstraction for your mother to accomplish an arrangement to see her bloom affliction provider, allocution about her options and altercate the allowances and risks of each. From there, they can actualize a absolute analysis plan that will advice accumulate your mother’s osteoarthritis affection beneath control. — John Davis III, M.D., Rheumatology, Mayo Clinic, Roer.
Mayo Clinic Q & A is an educational ability and doesn’t alter approved medical care. Email a catechism to MayoClinicQ&[email protected] For added information, appointment www.mayoclinic.org.
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