The Office of Children’s Issues has accustomed a aerial cardinal of inquiries about whether individuals adopted through the intercountry activity accept acquired U.S. citizenship and how to go about documenting U.S. citizenship, if acquired. Claims to accretion of citizenship cannot be pre-adjudicated, and the Office of Children’s Issues has no role in the acknowledgment process. Advice is accessible on the Department of Accompaniment and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) web pages and may be accessible resources.
U.S. Citizenship for an Adopted Child – USCIS
FAQs: Adolescent Citizenship Act of 2000 – Department of State
Child Citizenship Act of 2000
The Adolescent Citizenship Act (CCA) of 2000 allows assertive foreign-born, biological and adopted accouchement of U.S. citizens to access U.S. citizenship automatically. The CCA went into aftereffect on February 27, 2001, and is begin in area 320 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Under INA 320, an adopted adolescent will automatically access citizenship aloft acceptance to the United States if he or she satisfies these altitude afore axis 18:
Questions about Certificates of Citizenship for accouchement who entered the United States with IR-3 or IH-3 visas can be directed to USCIS at [email protected]
Documentation of U.S. Citizenship
While ancestry of U.S. citizenship may be automated by operation of law, arising of citizenship documentation is not necessarily automatic. Though there is no law acute a U.S. aborigine to accept affirmation of his or her U.S. citizenship status, abounding adoptive parents accept to access affirmation of their adopted child’s U.S. citizenship. Abstracts that about serve as affirmation of U.S. citizenship for an adopted adolescent include:
Adoptees who had already entered the United States or were age 18 or earlier back the CCA went into aftereffect on February 27, 2001, may not accept automatically acquired U.S. citizenship but may administer for acclimatization if acceptable to do so, afterwards demonstrating abode and concrete attendance in the United Accompaniment for the appropriate bulk of time.
USCIS began arising automated Certificates of Citizenship to acceptable adopted accouchement who entered the United States with class IR-3 immigrant visas on January 1, 2004, and with class IH-3 immigrant visas on April 1, 2008. Certificates of Citizenship were not issued retroactively to adopted accouchement who acquired citizenship beneath the CCA afore these dates. In those cases, the adolescent would accept accustomed a Abiding Aborigine agenda (or Green Card) aloft acceptance to the United States. While such accouchement may accept automatically acquired U.S. citizenship beneath the CCA, the parent(s) or developed child must administer separately for a Certificate of Citizenship and/or a U.S. passport. Unlike Abiding Aborigine cards, Certificates of Citizenship and Certificates of Acclimatization do not expire.
A adolescent who is accepted to the United States with an IR-4 or IH-4 immigrant acceptance will still accept a Green Card. For both IR-4 and IH-4 children, some added activity needs to booty abode in adjustment for the adolescent to access citizenship. Such activity depends on the facts of the specific case, and usually it requires finalizing the acceptance in the U.S. in the accompaniment cloister area the adolescent is residing. Aloft achievement of the final action(s), the parent(s) may administer for a Certificate of Citizenship and/or administer for a U.S. authorization to access affirmation of the child’s U.S. citizenship. An adoptee who is age 18 or earlier may administer for a Certificate of Citizenship and/or a U.S. authorization on his or her own behalf.
To administer for a Certificate of Citizenship, use USCIS Form N-600 if the adoptee is residing in the United States or to administer for acclimatization use Form N-600K if the adoptee is beneath age 18, meets accommodation requirements, and is residing alfresco of the United States.
The Department of State’s web armpit provides advice about applying for a U.S. authorization for a adolescent beneath the age of 16, as able-bodied as how to administer for a first-time or face-lifting authorization for ages 16 and older.
Types of Citizenship Documentation
The best accepted abstracts that prove you are a U.S. aborigine are:
The difference amid a Certificate of Citizenship and a Certificate of Naturalization has to do with accommodation requirements beneath the INA. Both serve as affirmation of U.S. citizenship and do not expire.
A U.S. authorization is additionally affirmation of U.S. citizenship provided the authorization is accurate and unexpired. Once expired, the individual’s citizenship may be re-adjudicated afore arising of a new U.S. passport. This does not beggarly the alone has absent his or her citizenship.
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