3D scanning is no simple trick. I apperceive it; I advised a full-body 3D scanning arrangement for iMakr’s New York abundance in 2014, and admitting it wasn’t my aboriginal attack into 3D printing, it led to abounding added opportunities. I abundant my arrangement in an Instructable, which was actual popular, I’m abiding in ample allotment because 3D scanning is apparent as a aphotic art. While I about use photogrammetry for 3D scanning, appliance DSLRs to abduction images that are again candy into a 3D model, there are added technologies out there that advance lasers or added methods for 3D scanning. The technology is alteration rapidly, with affection and affluence of use improving, and added players entering the market.
What can you do with 3D scanning? A lot. 3D scanning has got you covered from arch to toe, absolutely literally. 3D scanning is acclimated to accomplish custom fit cossack and we see the trend accelerating. Companies like Wiivv acquiesce barter to use their chargeless app to 3D browse their anxiety for alone insoles. No added activity into the abundance to get abstinent for accumulation produced sneaks. Why do that aback you can get shoes fabricated accurately to fit your feet? Feetz offers a agnate service, and our own editor-in-chief, Sarah Goehrke, wrote about her adventures with her custom Feetz shoes as able-bodied as with custom Wiivv insoles. 3D scanning your alembic can advice assure your academician from sports injuries. We afresh appear football accessory maker Riddell is appliance 3D scanning to accomplish bigger football helmets for the NFL. Skelmet uses 3D scanning to accomplish custom fit 3D printed sports glasses. Roger Bacon Eyewear and Yuniku use 3D scanning to accomplish their eyeglasses. But 3D scanning is acclimated in so abounding applications from medical to automotive to amplitude exploration, that it’d be absurd to account every accessible application.
In this adviser I’ll lay out assorted options for 3D scanning, from DIY to absolutely automated systems. Qualify varies greatly, as does price. If you’re accommodating to put in a lot of bend grease and accept the backbone of a saint, again I acclaim activity the DIY route. If you’re attractive for an arrangement desktop scanner, I’d attention you adjoin that. They aren’t actual acceptable and not account the money. Spend a little added to get abundant bigger results. There are some absorbing handheld scanners on the market, and you’ll pay appropriately for them. Able 3D scanning systems are absolutely expensive, and they can get accomplished results, but booty time and training to use. Remember, 3D scanning is far from perfect, it takes time to action scans and added time to apple-pie scans, no browse is artifact-free.
If you’re accommodating to put in the work, you can appealing acceptable after-effects if you anatomy a scanning arrangement yourself. Some solutions are software only, and some amalgamate software and hardware. Some of those accouterments options crave 3D printing. If you accept a 3D printer already, you ability appetite to accede amalgam your own system. Depending on the affection of your build, the software you use and your accomplishment level, you can get able after-effects allusive 3D scanning systems costing ten of bags of dollars.
Price: Free, $129 for Skanect ProTechnology: Photogrammetry software
Skanect is a 3D scanning software that works with abounding altered 3D cameras, including the Structure Sensor and Microsoft Kinect. It’s chargeless for claimed use and has abounding of the aforementioned appearance as the bartering version, Skanect Pro, which is $129. Skanect exports OBJ, PLY, STL and VRML. It will automatically adjustment models to accomplish them absolute and can instantly consign to Sketchfab, an online association administration belvedere for 3D models. Consign is bound to 5,000 polygons. Skanect Pro has absolute polygon consign and adds burning consign to Shapeways, and can be acclimated for bartering purposes. Admitting I accept yet to use it myself, Skanect sounds like a abundant software best for hobbyists and enthusiasts. Able users assume blessed with the pro version, which is actual affordable.
Resolution: N/APros: Works with Structure Sensor, Microsoft Kinect and Asus Xtion. Chargeless for non-commercial purposes. Mac and Windows compatible.Cons: Requires a computer with a lot of processing power. Consign bound to 5,000 polygons.
Price: $179 for the Standard Edition, $3,499 for the Able EditionTechnology: Photogrammetry software
PhotoScan is a able 3D scanning software that was originally developed to shoot ample objects, like buildings, outdoors in accustomed light, which it does actual well. With able calm lighting, PhotoScan can abduction able scans of baby altar to abounding anatomy scans of people. I’ve acclimated earlier versions of the software, it’s currently on adaptation 1.3.2., and it’s my go to choice, but you charge a lot of ablaze for accessible photos (photos should not be edited) and it takes some convenance to get the able overlap of after photos to get a acceptable 3D scan. Fortunately, Agisoft provides actual accessible tutorials on their website. The Standard Edition can be acclimated for bartering projects and is node-based. It had pro appearance like all-around panorama afraid and fisheye camera support. The Able Edition adds a host of appearance including 4 clay for activating scenes, arrangement processing and python scripting. Educational appraisement is accessible for educators and students; there’s a 30 day balloon adaptation and it can be demoed on the Agisoft website.
Resolution: N/APros: Works with best camera-based scanning systems, scans actual baby and actual ample objects, accessible for Mac, Windows and Linux.Cons: Requires a lot of ablaze to get acceptable photos for processing, can get abashed if photos aren’t able-bodied aligned, processing can be slow.
The $30 3D Scanner by Dave Clarke
Price: $30 or lessTechnology: Photogrammetry
UK artist Dave Clarke advised a arrangement 3D scanning turntable that works with your smartphone. The architecture is absolutely able and can amount alike beneath than $30, provided you already accept a added brace of earbuds. The design, a champ in the 2016 Pinshape Awards, uses your smartphone and a 3D printed turntable to browse baby objects. Clarke has fabricated several updates to accomplish it easier to book on abate book beds. It is a continued book and requires accumulating several pieces, but should be able-bodied account the accomplishment (I’m architecture one myself). He explains his action on the Pinshape blog. The arrangement uses earbuds and the headphone jack (or lighting cable jack on iPhone 7) as a alien activate for the phone’s camera. Turning the crank rotates the bed and nubs on the accessory columnist on the earbuds’ aggregate on, trigging the camera to booty a shot. A abounding circling of the turntable takes 50 shots and Clarke recommends appliance Autodesk ReMake (formerly Momento) to action the scans.
The chargeless adaptation of Autodesk ReMake will action up to 50 shots. The paid adaptation uses billow accretion and can action up to 250 shots, for $30/month or $300/year. Students and educators can use the abounding adaptation for free. The downside? Autodesk ReMake no best supports Mac, it’s Windows only. If you accept a Mac you’ll charge a altered software band-aid for processing the photos. The turntable will assignment with iPhone and Android phones.
Resolution: N/APros: Uses your smartphone’s onboard camera, inexpensive, can be acclimated with chargeless scanning software.Cons: Continued book time, accumulation required, software is Windows-only.
Price: $199 or lessTechnology: Laser triangulation
The BQ Ciclop is an open-source activity commensurable to able desktop 3D scanning systems for a atom of the price. It can booty up to a day to print, but it’s account the effort. The scanner is composed of 3D printed parts, a web cam, two band lasers and a adaptable belvedere with a stepper motor and ascendancy boards. 3D printable files can be begin online at Pinshape, and advice for the absolute activity is hosted on GitHub. Horus 3D scanning software was developed from blemish for the Ciclop and had its own GitHub page. Affidavit can be begin on this wiki, as able-bodied as affidavit on CowTech Engineering‘s adaptation of the scanning system. Aback appropriately calibrated, it is able of absorbing scans of baby objects.
Resolution: 0.5mmPros: Open-source accouterments and software, association support, uses lasers and a web camera for aerial resolution scans.Cons: Long book time, requires accumulation and added parts, can be difficult to calibrate lasers.
These are all-in-one systems for scanning baby altar and accept chip automated turntables. Scanning baby altar is difficult, but these systems accept been optimized for accomplishing aloof that. They are meant to be acclimated indoors, tethered to a computer. Depending on the scanning technology employed, you’ll either charge a lot of light, or you’ll appetite to browse in complete black and let the scanning arrangement brighten the article itself. They crave arrangement and usually appear with some affectionate of arrangement card.
Price: $1,199Technology: Structured Light
The EinScan-SE is an advance on Shining 3D’s accepted EinScan-S, and a arrangement aing to its big brother the EinScan-SP, which is $1,100 more. The arrangement includes a turntable and a small, carriageable tripod for scanning beyond objects. It can browse beyond objects, 70 x 70 x 70 cm, for a fixed, chiral scan, and 20 x 20 x 20 cm, for an automated turntable scan. Calibrating the scanner can booty some balloon and error, and scanning should be conducted in darkness, as ambient ablaze will affect the structured ablaze scan. I’ve acclimated the antecedent adaptation of the EinScan and I accept it’s one of the best desktop scanners for the money.
Resolution: 0.1mmPros: High resolution scans at an affordable price, can be acclimated to browse beyond altar with the included tripod.Cons: Arrangement can be catchy and there’s no aback on if you accomplish a mistake, software endless slowly.
Matter and Form 3D Scanner
Price: $499.99Technology: Laser triangulation
The Matter and Form 3D scanner is an affordable, awful carriageable option. Resolution and accurateness are commensurable with abounding pro systems, about affection of scans is not consistently that good, so it is best ill-fitted for apprenticeship and affirmation purposes. Requires a lot of ablaze for authentic scans. It has adversity acrimonious up aphotic black objects. Scanning can be slow; taller items can booty up to 45 account to scan.
Resolution: 0.43mmPros: Portable, accessible to set up, aerial resolution. 1-click absolute meshes for 3D columnist and animation. Mac and Windows compatible.Cons: Browse affection is low. Scanning is slow.
Portable and lightweight, handheld scanners are decidedly able and are acceptable for a array of applications, from scanning altar to full-body scans of people. Scanning is done by duke and it’s not a acceptable appliance for animals or children, as capacity charge to be anchored for best periods of time. Best for calm use.
Price: $349 – $499Technology: Photogrammetry
The Structure Sensor charcoal one of the best accepted handheld scanning systems on the market, for its low amount and ease-of-use. For $379 you get the sensor and an iPad bracket, or you can get the $499 array which includes a USB “hacker” cable and Skanect Pro. It can additionally be acclimated with the iPhone. For $349 you can buy the Structure Sensor after the iPad bracket and either actualize your own bracket or buy one through Shapeways. The hacker cable is aloof a USB to mini USB cable, but it allows you to affix the Structure Sensor to added USB enabled devices. The SDK is open, so there’s a lot of middleware to abutment the scanner. Can additionally be acclimated with third-party scanning apps, such as itSeez3D (free, $6.99 per archetypal export) and Scandy (free). The Structure Sensor has an IR sensor for abyss scanning and does a acceptable job of capturing 3D models, and it uses the iPad’s camera for blush textures.
Resolution: 0.5mmPros: Portable, easy-to-use, tether-free. Works with iPad, iPhone. Accessible SDK, hackable, works with third-party apps.Cons: Doesn’t assignment able-bodied outdoors, sunlight interferes with IR sensor.
XYZprinting 3D Scanner Pro
Price: $199Technology: Photogrammetry
The XYZprinting 3D Scanner Pro has a smooth, ergonomic architecture and is lightweight. At $199 it’s affordably priced. There are three scanning modes; head, article and abounding body. Max browse aggregate is 39.3″ x 39.3″ x 78.7″. Browse resolution is low and there accept been complaints about connectivity and browse quality. Best meant for hobbyists, not professionals. Accessories with congenital RealSense Browse modules and Windows Surface Tablets are not supported.
Resolution: 1.5mmPros: Inexpensive, lightweight, ergonomic, and tether-free. Powered by Intel RealSense module. Clips to tablets for added portability.Cons: Browse affection is characterless at best, Windows-only, users accept appear adversity aing to computers.
If you accept the account and space, and crave high-resolution scans for able applications again structured ablaze scanners may be the way to go. These systems affection aerial accurateness and reliability, but will crave added than a casual ability of 3D scanning. Able arrangement is key to get acceptable after-effects from these systems and they crave endless of processing power. Abundant for a wide-range of uses, from baby genitalia to full-body scans of people,
HP 3D Structured Ablaze Scanner Pro 3
Price: $3,699 Technology: Structured Light
Formerly the David SLS-3 (HP acquired David a year ago), this scanner uses structured ablaze scanning and consists of a video projector and automated HDMI camera with HD lens. Scans can be captured in as little as 2 seconds. The arrangement is tripod-mounted and alternative accessories accommodate an automated turntable for $999. The arranged DAVID 5 Pro software is accordant with Windows Vista, 7, 8, and 10. Browse sizes ambit from 60-500mm.
Resolution: 0.05mmPros: High-detail. Precise and fast. Proven technology.Cons: Not actual portable, capacity should be attempt indoors. Software is Windows-only.
Artec Eva Lite
Price: $9,800Technology: Structured Light
Artec’s “budget” adaptation of their acknowledged Artec Eva 3D scanner uses structured ablaze to get awful abundant scans. It is advised to abduction abundant geometry from a advanced array of subjects; automated parts, people, cartage and environments. The Artec Eva Lite forgoes capturing textures for a lower amount point, but can be upgraded to the Eva. The Eva advancement will set you aback $10K, but allows blush tracking and capture. It works best with the Artec Studio 12 software which ranges from $600/year to $1,200/year for Artec Studio Ultimate for 1 license. An alternative array backpack will let you go tether-free for up to 6 hours, for $850.
Resolution: 0.5mmPros: High-detail. alternative array pack, upgradeable to Artec Eva.Cons: Doesn’t abduction blush textures. Doesn’t accommodate software.
For added thoughts on 3D scanners out there, you can still analysis out our antecedent 3D scanner buyers’ guides from 2016 and 2015. There are abounding 3D scanners available, and this adviser alone touches on 10 options. You can additionally analysis out our 2017 3D Printer Buying Adviser for some options in 3D printing. There’s a lot to keep in apperception aback you’re in the bazaar for 3D hardware/software, so be abiding to do your analysis afore advance in any of these technologies. Accept you approved any of these scanners? Let us apperceive your thoughts in the 3D Scanner Buying Adviser appointment at 3DPB.com.
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